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Wednesday, June 29, 2016

China's Economic Outlook and its Impacts on the world


Darson Chiu
Introduction

Besides the plunging crude oil price since mid-2014, the slowing Chinese economy would be a main reason why the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has continued to downward adjust its global economic growth forecast for the past one year.[1] Emerging market and developing economies have constantly outperformed advanced economies in terms of GDP growth. Among all emerging market and developing economies, China has had higher growth during the period of its 11th and 12th five year plans providing strong momentum to the emerging and developing Asia. With its tremendous economic size, all eyes have been on China and its business potential. However, the most recent global financial crisis caused certain serious and negative impacts on China’s economic structure.

The consequences resulted from the crisis have dragged down China’s growth to a certain extent. It seems that China is now striving to avoid a hard landing, while a likely soft landing is often stressed by the market as inevitable. As a result, the emphasis must be on the implications for the global economy, as the growth rates between the world and China are becoming more correlated. Nevertheless, the impacts on global economy can be mitigated if the Chinese economy is able to fulfill its goals of the 13th five-year plan.


China’s Economic Performance during its Previous Five-Year Plans

The most recent global financial crisis occurred in 2008-2009 during the period when China underwent the process of its 11th five-year plan. Many believed that the financial crisis caused a paradigm shift in China forcing the country to kick off a much needed structural reform. The reform in response would take place in the following five-year plans.[2]

In addition to the global financial crisis, China’s GDP surpassed Germany first and Japan later on becoming the second largest economy only next to the United States of America at the 11th five-year plan phase as well. China’s economic significance at its 11th five-year plan phase paved the way for surpassing the US and being the world’s largest exporting country at the 12th five-year plan phase.





[1] The most recent downward adjustment was issued on April 12, 2016 lowering the forecast for 2016 global GDP growth from 3.4% to 3.2%.


[2] 11th five-year plan was from 2006 to 2010. 12th five-year plan was started in 2011 and ended in 2015. 13th five-year plan is planned to launch in 2016 and stop in 2020.


Figure 1. World GDP Growth Comparison


Source: IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April, 2016.

Emerging market and developing economies have constantly outperformed advanced economies in terms of GDP growth. Among all emerging market and developing economies, China has had higher growth during the period of its 11th and 12th five year plans providing strong momentum to the emerging and developing Asia.

Source: IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April, 2016.

The IMF has further categorized the emerging into diverse geographic cohorts: a) emerging and developing Asia, b) emerging and developing Europe, c) Latin America and the Caribbean, d) Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, and e) Sub-Saharan Africa. Obviously, the emerging and developing Asia had much higher GDP growth than the other four cohorts from 2006 to 2015. In the year of 2009 for example, as the GDP of emerging and developing Europe declined by 2.99%, and GDP of Latin America and the Caribbean decreased by 1.25%, whereas the emerging and developing Asia still managed to pull off an economic annual growth of 7.23%.

Figure 3. Economic Size of China vs. Emerging and Developing Asia[1]

(Unit: billion USD)





[1] Emerging and developing Asia composed of 29 countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Kiribati, Lao P.D.R., Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, and Vietnam.

 


Source: IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April, 2016.

Emerging and developing Asia composed of 29 countries stood at US$ 4,849.31 billion in 2006 and US$ 15,570.72 billion in 2015 in terms of total GDP. By comparison, China’s GDP was in total 2,751.92 billion in 2006 and 10,982.83 billion in 2015. It means that the size of China’s economy was 53% of emerging and developing Asia in 2006 and 71% of the cohort in 2015. Among all 29 emerging market and developing economies, China has not only had higher growth but also the biggest economic size during the period of its 11th and 12th five year plans providing strong and major thrust to the emerging and developing Asia.

By comparing nominal GDP, the US, Japan, and Germany were all bigger than the Chinese economy in 2006. However, China surpassed Germany in 2007 and Japan in 2009 becoming the second largest economy with its strong pace of economic growth. Since the year of 2014, China’s nominal GDP has grown to be more than double of Japan’s economic size. It can be concluded that during the period of China’s 11th and 12th five-year plans, China’s economic performance had been remarkable turning the global spotlight on the country.

 

Figure 4. Nominal GDP Comparison

(Unit: billion USD)


Source: EIU Country Data, April 2016.

During the period of two five-year plan, the Chinese economic growth had relied heavily on the external demands. The annual nominal exports of China stood at US$ 1,333.35 billion beating Germany’s US$ US$ 1,292.58 billion and becoming the second largest exporting country in 2009. In 2013, China’s annual exports were accounted as US$ 2,355.08 billion surpassing the total exports of US amounting at US$ 2,263.65 billion. China has become the largest exporting country in the world since then. In 2010, China’s annual imports were accounted as US$ 1,380.92 billion beating Germany’s US$ 1,263.54 billion and becoming the world’s second largest importing country only next to the US since then.

Figure 5. Growth Rates of China’s GDP, Fixed Investment, and Exports


Source: EIU Country Data, April 2016.

The Global Financial Crisis and Consequences

Despite the significance of China’s economic performance in the global arena during the period of its 11th and 12th five-year plans, China like all other countries is hardly immune from the most recent global financial crisis. The weakened global demand caused by the crisis had impacted on China’s exports in 2008-2009. For example: China’s growth rate in exports was negative 5.6% in 2009. In response, China issued a US$ 586 billion stimulus package and pushed up the growth rate of gross fixed investment to 24.2% in 2009. The stimulus package has been criticized for not only causing a severe surge in Chinese debt among local governments and state owned enterprises (SOE) but also serious overcapacity ever since.

Figure 6. Economic Structure of China 2006-2015


Source: EIU Country Data, April 2016.

Besides issues of soaring debt and troubles of overcapacity, the crisis also triggered a structural shift in Chinese economy. The net exports accounted 6.39% on average over China GDP from 2006 to 2010, the period of 11th five-year plan. However, the averaged ratio dropped to only 2.81% from 2011 to 2015, the period of 12th five-year plan. The Beijing government realized that it had to promote private consumption and cope with over investment, while the external demands shrank.

The averaged ratio of private consumption over GDP was 36.84% from 2006 to 2010, and the averaged ratio stood at 37.58% from 2011 to 2015. Furthermore, the ratio on average of gross fixed investment over GDP was 41.01% from 2006 to 2010, whereas the ratio stood at 43.82% from 2011 to 2015. The readings actually mean that China’s 11th and 12th five-year plans were not very successful in promoting private consumption and reducing over investment despite the fact that China’s economic performance was in general outstanding by the year of 2012. China’s GDP grew by 7.7% in 2012, the lowest rate since 1999. As the European sovereign debt crisis happened in 2012, and the European Union (EU) was China’s top exports destination; weakened demands in EU caused negative impacts on China’s growth. In 2015, the Chinese annual GDP only grew by 6.88% that is the lowest growth rate so far since 1990.

China’s 13th Five-Year Plan

Beijing top officials gathered in a four-day Central Economic Work Conference in December 2015 to confirm the goals of 13th five-year plan and concluded that the needed measure would be “supply-side structural reform”.[1] In contrast to the demand-side including consumption, investment, and exports, the supply-side is about coordinating labor, land, capital, and innovation in a more efficient fashion. Beijing identified 5 major tasks: a) cut excessive industrial capacity, b) destocking, c) deleveraging, d) lower corporate costs, and e) improve weak links.

Besides developing industries towards high-end outputs, modernizing the agricultural sector, advancing manufacturing industries, and exploring strategic emerging industries, the 13th five-year plan specifies specific goals: a) annual GDP growth rate of over 6.5% on average and b) service sector accounting for 56% of GDP.

Figure 7. GDP Growth Forecasts of China 2016-2020





[1] China ‘s government work report, issued on March 6, 2016, emphasized strengthening supply-side structural reform by reducing low-end manufacturing and increasing high-end production.


Source: IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April, 2016 & EIU Country Data, April 2016.

Beijing’s 12th National People’s Congress adopted the outline of the 13th five year plan and stressed its goals in March 2016. However, GDP growth forecasts conducted by major international agencies, IMF and EIU, in April 2016 showed that China could only fulfill its goal for economic growth for 2016. China’s future economic growth can only reach on average 6.138 according to the IMF forecast and 5.3% as said by the EIU.

Figure 8. Expected Structure of China Economy


Source: EIU Country Data, April 2016.

As for expected structure, China’s private consumption over GDP ratio is expected to reach 41.24% on average during the period of 13th five-year plan. In addition, China’s gross fixed investment over GDP ratio is expected to stand at 38.32% on average during the same period. In terms of promoting private consumption and reducing over investment, China’s next five-year plan is believed by EIU to be more successful than the previous two five-year plans.

Figure 9. Expected Origin of China Economy

Source: EIU Country Data, April 2016.

However, the EIU forecast predicts that China will not be able to expand its service sector as planned in its 13th five-year plan. EIU trusts that China’s service sector will account at most as 52.8% of GDP in 2020, lower than the target ratio of 56%. Despite international agencies have no faith in China to fulfill its goals, the size of Chinese economy will remain significant and is still likely to cause the global economy to slow down as well.

Conclusion

The Chinese economic performance was overall good during the period of its 11th and 12th five-year plans. Since the year of 2012, the Chinese economy has started to slow down due to diminishing global demands. The slowing process is expected to continue by referring to the forecasts conducted by international agencies. Although China set specific goals for its 13th five-year plan, international agencies consider that the goals can hardly be fulfilled.

The implication is that China may grow much slower in the future and that will also slow down the recovery of the world. Nevertheless, the Beijing government seems confident in fulfilling its economic goals. That actually means that the potential impacts on the world can be mitigated if the Chinese economy is able to fulfill its targets of 13th five-year plan.
(Dr. Darson Chiu is the Director General of CTPECC.)
 

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    I can be reached on

    Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich (Mr.)
    EMAIL: kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru
    EMAIL: kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru
    Skype: GAVRIL Mikhailovich
    TEL: +7 9153753185

    ReplyDelete
  21. Our company PETROLEUM CORP is the most viable and efficient connection between real buyers and sellers for all principal energy

    commodities. We trade in several commodities not limited to AVIATION KEROSENE’S, namely,


    JET FUEL (JP54),
    VIRGIN DIESEL FUEL OIL (D6),
    DIESEL GASOIL (D2),
    MAZUT etc.

    and also in BONNY LIGHT, OTHER CRUDES AND COALS. We currently serve any world port. If you are a buyer or direct mandate to a

    performing buyer please feel free to contact us.

    Please contact us via our official email address.

    kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru

    Thanks.

    Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich

    ReplyDelete
  22. Dear Buyer/ Buyer mandate

    We have Available FOB Rotterdam/Houston/Russia for JP54,D2, D6, JetA1 with good and workable procedure,whereby buyer will dip test in seller tank with proof of product.
    Kindly Contact us via (usmanovoilandgas@yahoo.com) for SCO.

    Regards
    Usmanov Alexie
    email: usmanovoilandgas60@mail.ru,
    skype: usmanovoilandgas

    ReplyDelete
  23. Our company PETROLEUM CORP is the most viable and efficient connection between real buyers and sellers for all principal energy

    commodities. We trade in several commodities not limited to AVIATION KEROSENE’S, namely,


    JET FUEL (JP54),
    VIRGIN DIESEL FUEL OIL (D6),
    DIESEL GASOIL (D2),
    MAZUT etc.

    and also in BONNY LIGHT, OTHER CRUDES AND COALS. We currently serve any world port. If you are a buyer or direct mandate to a

    performing buyer please feel free to contact us.

    Please contact us via our official email address.

    kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru

    Thanks.

    Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich

    ReplyDelete
  24. For Serious Buyer/ Buyer mandate

    We have JP54,D2, D6, JetA1 product in Rotterdam/Houston/Russia for immediate lift with good procedure,where buyer conduct dip test in seller tank with proof of product.
    Kindly Contact us via (usmanovoilandgas@yahoo.com) for SCO.

    Regards
    Usmanov Alexie
    email: usmanovoilandgas60@mail.ru,
    skype: usmanovoilandgas

    ReplyDelete
  25. Hello,
    we Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact or if you have serious buyers

    my seller is ready to close this deal fast contact us below:now base email us (alexandervladislav88@mail.ru)

    PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK.

    Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port.

    JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam.

    JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam.

    D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam.

    E-mail: alexandervladislav88@mail.ru
    phone: +79258159436
    Skype:alexander dima vladislav
    Best Regards
    Thank You
    Alexander Dima Vladislav

    ReplyDelete
  26. Hello we Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact or if you have serious buyers

    my seller is ready to close this deal fast contact us below:now base email us (vlahdanichka_misha@mail.ru)

    PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK.

    Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port.

    JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam.

    JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam.

    D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam.

    E-mail: vlahdanichka_misha@mail.ru
    phone :+79260030732
    skype id:vlahdanichka_misha@mail.ru

    Best Regards
    Thank You

    VLAHD ANICHKA MISHA

    ReplyDelete
  27. AVAILABLE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS ON FOB CI DIP AND PAY, CIF AND TTM PROCEDURE

    WE HAVE AVAILABLE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS FROM RELIABLE REFINERY IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION WITH BEST PRICE AND QUALITY.
    BELOW PRODUCT ARE AVAILABLE WITH BEST OFFERS - FOB CI DIP AND PAY FOB PRODUCTS AVAILABLE

    JP54: Quantity: 500,000-2,000,000 Barrels
    JetA1: Quantity: 500,000-2,000,000 Barrels
    D2: Quantity: 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons
    D6 Virgin: Quantity: 400,000,000-800,000,000 Gallon

    SERIOUS BUYERS PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE DETAILS WITH YOUR SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS SO AS TO ENABLE US PROVIDE YOU WITH OUR WORKABLE

    PROCEDURE.
    Sincerely.

    Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich (Mr.)
    EMAIL: kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru
    Skype: Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich
    TEL: +7 9153753185

    Best
    Regards
    Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich

    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  29. Hello Everybody,
    My name is Mrs Sharon Sim. I live in Singapore and i am a happy woman today? and i told my self that any lender that rescue my family from our poor situation, i will refer any person that is looking for loan to him, he gave me happiness to me and my family, i was in need of a loan of $250,000.00 to start my life all over as i am a single mother with 3 kids I met this honest and GOD fearing man loan lender that help me with a loan of $250,000.00 SG. Dollar, he is a GOD fearing man, if you are in need of loan and you will pay back the loan please contact him tell him that is Mrs Sharon, that refer you to him. contact Dr Purva Pius,via email:(urgentloan22@gmail.com) Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Good Day Sir/Madam

    We CLOSED JOINT-STOCK COMPANY AGS-OIL is one of the leading Oil & Gas trading companies in Russia Federation with good business reputation and well experienced in the Petroleum and mining sector. We offer the following trades through our reliable Refineries: D2 DIESEL OIL GOST 305-82, JP54 AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE, UREA 46%/PRILLS, LNG, LPG, REBCO, MAZUT100 GOST 10585-75/99, AUTOMOTIVE GAS OIL(AGO). We as well secure allocations from our various Refineries for our numerous buyers who are interested in Spot transactions on FOB/CIF deliveries to any world safe port (AWSP). Our Refineries have their products both at Russian ports and Rotterdam port. we also have a reliable SHIPPING COMPANY if you are in need of find the contact bellow.
    web: http://www.tetrasshipping.ru
    Regards
    BAEV SERGEY ALEXANDROVICH
    email: baevsergeya@mail.ru
    skype:baevsergey

    ReplyDelete
  31. I am a Broker to a Direct Mandate working with a reputable refinery, and we are to you, esteem buyers that the petroleum products you are looking for is available in our Tanks and Reservoir for immedaite lift and supply.

    SUCH AS
    1) JP54
    2) JPA1
    3) MAZUT
    4) AGO
    5) LNG
    6) LPG
    7) D2
    8) D6
    9) REBCO
    10) EN590

    Please contact us via our official email address.

    E-mail: vlahdanichka_misha@mail.ru
    phone :+79067109704
    skype id:phoenix.tearsoil@bk.ru

    Best Regards
    Thank You

    VLAHD ANICHKA MISHA

    ReplyDelete
  32. We OOO PROM TRADING is one of the leading Oil & Gas
    trading companies in Russia Federation with good business reputation and well experienced in the Petroleum and mining sector. We offer the following trades through our reliable Refineries: D2 DIESEL OIL GOST 305-82, JP54 AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE, UREA 46%/PRILLS, LNG,
    LPG, REBCO, MAZUT100 GOST 10585-75/99, AUTOMOTIVE GAS OIL(AGO) ETC. We as well secure allocations from our various Refineries for our numerous buyers who are interested in Spot transactions on FOB/CIF deliveries to any world safe port (AWSP). Our Refineries have their products both
    at Russian ports and Rotterdam port.

    Best Regards

    Mr Andrey Ankudimov

    Tel: +7 (987) 897-72-99

    Email: serviceandrey.a@inbox.ru

    Skype: serviceandrey.a

    ReplyDelete
  33. Or financial business such as BGs, SBLCs, MTNs, LCs face value and reasonable conditionfrom a genuine provider. You are at liberty to engage our leased facilities, as well as aviation, agriculture, petroleum and telecommunication

    Contact: Mr. Raymond Doison
    Contact Email: crusaderbroker.bgassurance@gmail.com
    skype: crusaderbroker.bgassurance
    Whatsapp: +380 50 922 4887

    With our financial / bank instrument You can establish a line of credit with your bank and / or secure loan

    We deliver with time and precision as set forth in the agreement. Our terms and conditions are reasonable and can be monetized on your behalf for upto 100% funding. Intermediaries / Consultants / Brokers are welcome to bring their clients and are 100% protected. In complete confidence, we will work together for the benefits of all parties involved.

    Will be provided upon request.

    BROKERS ARE WELCOME & 100% PROTECTED !!!

    If Interested kindly contact me via

    Email: ~ crusaderbroker.bgassurance@gmail.com

    Skype ID: crusaderbroker.bgassurance

    serious inquiry only.

    Genuine Provider for BG / SBLC (Bank Guarantee / Standby Letter of Credit)
    I am Direct Provider's Mandate of BG & SBLC Lease. 100% protected.

    ReplyDelete
  34. ATTN:


    I am KOBUSHKA DMITRY LEONIDOVICH the M.D to "VOLGAHIMPRODUKT" OIL/GAS. We are a certified and authorized mandate that supply Oil and Gas products to buyers.

    D2, D6, JP54,A1 EN590, M100, GASOLINE, FUEL OIL, ULTRA-LOW-SULFUR DIESEL, AVAILABLE ON SELLER TANK FOB ROTTERDAM/HOUSTON. Contact information below for offer

    Email: voilgas@bk.ru
    Tel/WhatsApp: +7 968 040 5744
    Skype: Voilgas


    BEST REGARDS

    DMITRY

    ReplyDelete
  35. We are please to inform your esteem buying company the petroleum products you are looking for is available in our storage tanks and reservoir for immediate delivery. Such as:

    1) D2 DIESEL GAS OIL L-0.2-62 GOST 305-82.
    2) D6 VIRGIN FUEL OIL
    3) JET FUEL JP54
    4) JET FUEL JPA1

    Provide your official email or contact us via email to enable us issue our official soft corporate offer (SCO).Thanks.

    BELOW IS OUR CONTACT INFORMATION,
    Please contact us via our official email address.

    kuznetsovgavriil.mikhailovich@mail.ru

    Whatsapp: +79153753185
    Skype ID: live:63388f01d68be9ff

    Thanks.
    Kuznetsov GAVRIIL Mikhailovich

    ReplyDelete
  36. Hello,

    We are please to inform your esteem buying company the petroleum products you are looking for is available in our storage tanks and reservoir for immediate delivery. Such as:
    1) D2 DIESEL GAS OIL L-0.2-62 GOST 305-82
    2) MAZUT M100 10585-75/99
    3) JET FUEL JP54
    4) JET FUEL JPA1
    5) REBCO GOST 9965-76
    6) LPG (LIQUIFEID PETROLEUM GAS) GOST 20448-90
    7) BITUMEN GRADE 60/70 AND 80/100
    8) LNG( LIQUIFEID NATURAL GAS) GOST 5542-87
    9) D6 VIRGIN FUEL OIL
    10) AGO
    11) GASOLINE 89-92-93-95 OCTANE RUSSIAN ORIGIN
    12) EN 590 RUSSIAN ORIGINS

    Contact us via email to enable us issue our official soft corporate offer (SCO).

    BELOW IS OUR CONTACT INFORMATION,
    Email: yokov-roman@mail.ru
    Tel: +79267435142
    skype: live:.cid.7c1618e5b501a9d2
    Best Regards
    Yokov Roman

    ReplyDelete

  37. Hello friends, If you want a cash loan today, there is only one company I can recommend to you, where I got a credit of 23,000 euros from FEDERAL FINANCIAL SERVICE, I advise all loan seekers, this company via their e-mail address contact: [ FEDERALOAN@GMAIL.COM] Or WhatsApp +18457315716. or message us on LINE ID at ( fd122 ) I have my loan from them after reading about their loan offers here on Facebook and my debts are now fully settled.

    ReplyDelete


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    Application Available
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    Regards,

    ReplyDelete
  39. APPLY TODAY FOR QUICK, AFFORDABLE AND RELIABLE BUSINESS/HOME/REAL ESTATES/COMPANY/PROJECT/PERSONAL LOAN OFFER WITHOUT COST/STRESS CONTACT US VIA Call/Text +1(415)630-7138 Email drbenjaminfinance@gmail.com

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    ReplyDelete
  40. DEAR SIR/MA


    For Serious Buyer/ Buyer mandate with UNCONDITIONAL DTA

    We have JP54,D2, D6, JetA1 product in Rotterdam/Russia for immediate lift with UNCONDITIONAL DTA,where buyer conduct dip test in seller tank with proof of product.

    Kindly Contact us via (rosnefte@bk.ru) for SCO.

    Regards
    Names- SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH
    Email- rosnefte@bk.ru
    Whatsapp Tell- +79267781397
    Skype: SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH



    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  42. Dear Sir,
    We are Titanium Trading Ltd with UK Company Registration
    N0: 09298674. We are the owner and seller of Gold Bullion Bar,Gold Dore Bar and Rough Diamond in small and large quantities.
    We are searching for customers /representatives/ brokers/ sellers or buyers mandates who can help us establish a medium of getting to our customers all over the world.
    Please, if you are interested in transacting Gold Bullion Bar,Gold Dore Bar and Rough Diamond business kindly contact us via our email address for our FCO as we are ready to sign long lasting gold supply contract with the end buyers World wide.
    We are also in Joint Venture (JV) with a financial instrument provider company for BG,SBLC,MT109,MT799,MT760,discounting and project funding.
    In addition,we have an excellent professional relationship with many banks,stock brokers, financial institutions and consultants all over the globe. We have a proven track record of Excellence, speed and reliability. Accept our kindest regards as we move your business to the next level. Our banks will send pre advice without any upfront charges for Purchase and Lease. So if you have any gold bullion buyers that is looking for BG/
    SBLC,DLC/LC provider that will issue him BG/SBLC to buy our gold bullion let us know for more details as our Joint Venture(JV)financial instrument company will handle same.
    We will be glad to share our working procedures with you upon request to help us proceed towards closing deals effectively.
    David Ashley Robert Meadows
    Barking House Fardon Road,Market
    Harborough, Leicestershire,
    LE16 United Kingdom
    Email.: customersinfo4ttl@gmail.com
    Contact Phone No: +448432650546
    Contact Phone No: +447924339472
    WhatsApp No : +447452147133

    We are Titanium Trading Ltd in UK, we are sourcing for buyers of gold dory bar, rough diamond and gold bullion bar. in large and small quantity.

    ReplyDelete
  43. DEAR SIR/MA


    For Serious Buyer/ Buyer mandate with UNCONDITIONAL DTA

    We have JP54,D2, D6, JetA1 product in Rotterdam/Russia for immediate lift with UNCONDITIONAL DTA,where buyer conduct dip test in seller tank with proof of product.

    Kindly Contact us via (rosnefte@bk.ru) for SCO.

    Regards
    Names- SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH
    Email- rosnefte@bk.ru
    Whatsapp Tell- +79267781397
    Skype: SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH

    ReplyDelete
  44. DEAR SIR/MA


    For Serious Buyer/ Buyer mandate with UNCONDITIONAL DTA

    We have JP54,D2, D6, JetA1 product in Rotterdam/Russia for immediate lift with UNCONDITIONAL DTA,where buyer conduct dip test in seller tank with proof of product.

    Kindly Contact us via (rosnefte@bk.ru) for SCO.

    Regards
    Names- SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH
    Email- rosnefte@bk.ru
    Whatsapp Tell- +79267781397
    Skype: SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH

    ReplyDelete
  45. Dear Sir,

    We are broker firm in London-UK, we have direct Provider of BG/SBLC specifically for Lease and purchase, The provider is tested and trusted. We have been dealing with the company for paste 20 years. Interested Agent/Lessee should contact us.

    Email: longmornprojectsfinance@gmail.com

    Skype ID: longmornprojectsfinance@hotmail.com

    Whatsapp: +330) 333-0498


    Warm Regards
    Dean Thomas.

    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  47. DEAR SIR/MA


    For Serious Buyer/ Buyer mandate with UNCONDITIONAL DTA

    We have JP54,D2, D6, JetA1 product in Rotterdam/Russia for immediate lift with UNCONDITIONAL DTA,where buyer conduct dip test in seller tank with proof of product.

    Kindly Contact us via (rosnefte@bk.ru) for SCO.

    Regards
    Names- SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH
    Email- rosnefte@bk.ru
    Whatsapp Tell- +79267781397
    Skype: SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH

    ReplyDelete
  48. TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN!!
    We have product listed below available in seller Tank FOB ROTTERDAM/HOUSTON 
    Jet Fuel A1/JP54  QTTY: 1 - 2 MILLION BLL   D2, EN590             QTTY: 100 - 200,000 MTFuel Oil                 QTTY: 100 - 200,000 MTGasonline,            QTTY: 100 - 200,000 MTD6                          QTTY: 100 - 2000 MILLION GALLON
    Contact us for price and procedure 
    Email:    omelchenkodmitry@inbox.ru
    Whatsapp: +7-926-80-156-31
    Skype:  omelchenkodmitry2212@gmail.com
    Thank You 

    ReplyDelete
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  51. We are pleased to bring to your notice that we have Tanks available for lease. Our Tank Farm have durable and reliable tanks storage facilities at Rotterdam, and Houston Our tank farm is a Crude/Petroleum reservoir with high storage capacities located in all ports of the Netherlands (Rotterdam) Port. Our Team of competent experts are always interested in giving to you one of the best services and total product security guaranteeing your satisfaction and securing our values. Contact us today for our services and have your products in safe custody.

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    ReplyDelete
  53. GENUINE BANK GUARANTEE (BG) AND STANDBY LETTER OF CREDIT (SBLC) FOR BUY/LEASE
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  54. DEAR SIR/MA

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    ReplyDelete
  55. DEAR SIR/MA


    For Serious Buyer/ Buyer mandate with UNCONDITIONAL DTA

    We have JP54,D2, D6, JetA1 product in Rotterdam/Russia for immediate lift with UNCONDITIONAL DTA,where buyer conduct dip test in seller tank with proof of product.

    Kindly Contact us via (rosnefte@bk.ru) for SCO.

    Regards
    Names- SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH
    Email- rosnefte@bk.ru
    Whatsapp Tell- +79267781397
    Skype: SHULYAEV DENIS SERGEEVICH

    ReplyDelete
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  60. Dear Sir/Madam,

    We are direct end seller refinery company for the supply of Petroleum products. Currently we are allocating our products on discount platts to capable buyers, we have available Jet fuel, D2 Gas oil, D6, EN590, JETA1, for capable buyer lift in Houston and Rotterdam commercial sea ports and also on CIF basis to any safe world port. Kindly Contact us via: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru for SCO.


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  61. Dear Sir/Madam,

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  62. Dear Sir/Madam,

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    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
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  63. Dear Sir/Madam,

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  64. Dear Sir/Madam,

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  65. Dear Sir/Madam,

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    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
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  66. Dear Sir/Madam,

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    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
    Skype: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru

    ReplyDelete

  67. Dear Sir/Madam,

    We are direct end seller refinery company for the supply of Petroleum products. Currently we are allocating our products on discount platts to capable buyers, we have available Jet fuel, D2 Gas oil, D6, EN590, JETA1, for capable buyer lift in Houston and Rotterdam commercial sea ports and also on CIF basis to any safe world port. Kindly Contact us via: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru for SCO.


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    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
    Skype: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru

    ReplyDelete

  68. Dear Sir/Madam,

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    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
    Skype: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru

    ReplyDelete

  69. Good day to you all,

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  71. Dear Sir/Madam,

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    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
    Skype: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru

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  73. Dear Sir/Madam,

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    Kind Regards.
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    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
    Skype: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru

    ReplyDelete
  74. Are you Looking for Tank storage and marine logistics purposes?.

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  75. Dear Sir/Madam,

    We are direct end seller refinery company for the supply of Petroleum products. Currently we are allocating our products on discount platts to capable buyers, we have available Jet fuel, D2 Gas oil, D6, EN590, JETA1, for capable buyer lift in Houston and Rotterdam commercial sea ports and also on CIF basis to any safe world port. Kindly Contact us via: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru for SCO.


    Kind Regards.
    Dr. Khaibullin Timur Tagirovich   
    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
    Skype: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru

    ReplyDelete

  76. Dear Sir/Madam,

    We are direct end seller refinery company for the supply of Petroleum products. Currently we are allocating our products on discount platts to capable buyers, we have available Jet fuel, D2 Gas oil, D6, EN590, JETA1, for capable buyer lift in Houston and Rotterdam commercial sea ports and also on CIF basis to any safe world port. Kindly Contact us via: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru for SCO.


    Kind Regards.
    Dr. Khaibullin Timur Tagirovich   
    Email: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru
    Skype: jsc.uraloil@bk.ru

    ReplyDelete