Thursday, August 1, 2019

A New Page for Women’s Economic Empowerment and Inclusive Growth at APEC in 2019

Ting Yu Lin
Assistant Research Fellow, Division of International Affairs, TIER

    As Chile being the APEC host this year, with the theme “Connecting People, Building the Future,” they emphasize women and inclusive growth as one of four priorities. With gender equity is central to economic and social development in mind, it can be easily predict that equal opportunity for women and men supports economic growth and helps to reduce poverty. APEC thus aims to increase women's empowerment, to help women realize their potential, and to push for regional economic integration. Therefore, APEC has been advocated women’s economic empowerment for a long time. One of the most significant outcomes was the San Francisco Declaration announced in 2011, which was predominantly focused on 5 pillars that would promote woman’s access to finance, education, training, employment, technology, and health systems. In details, the declaration identified
women’s access to financial capital, market access, skills and capacity building, and women's leadership as pillars of a gender mainstreaming approach.

Security Issues in Asia-Pacific Region

Sadia Rahman
PhD Student National Chung Hsing University

    Asia-Pacific region has become a centrifugal point of competition between the United States and China; it is the world’s economic and geopolitical center of gravity. This region is prone to nuclear and conventional threats posed by North Korea, which makes it vulnerable and on the other hand, other states in the region from Japan to India are active in pursuing their interests. It is argued by many scholars that America’s status can be defined if it gets its position right in the Asia-pacific region. Great Attention has been given in building the Asia-Pacific security mechanism after the end of Cold War; the new century has brought security challenges. Buzan,, Waever, and Wilde mentions in their book Security: A New Framework for Analysis that security is not only confined to the traditional concept of military-political terms but also security has a distinctive character and
it’s multisectoral i.e. security issues are found in economic, societal, environmental as well. In the Asia-pacific region, we have witnessed confrontation between different geographies for instance disputes between North Korea and South Korea, the protracted Cross-Strait tensions, territorial disputes over the islands in the South China Sea, disputes over the northern island between Japan and Russia. Different states involved in flaunting their military strength including involvement of the
US, this has made Asia-Pacific region vulnerable and the peace of the region is put at stake and endangered and if states dispute keeps rising and it will make the situation more worse. For instance, US and Japan support to Taiwan issue and conflicting tension crops us this affects the relations of the US, China, and Japan as well as the stability of the region.

World Bank and the Technology Innovation Approach Case Toward Sustainable Issues

Jack Huang
Consultant in the UN Office of Information and Communication Technology (OICT)

General Understanding of the World Bank

    The World Bank is a multifunctional institution focused in economic development, especially, in those developing regions and the sustainable issues highlighted by the UN 2030 agenda (SDGs). We can find that the priorities of the Bank have shifted from trade liberation during the postwar period, toward global poverty alleviation in recent decades. Many efforts have been taken place, along
with Bank’s partnered organizations, the IMF, WTO and United Nations, to achieve the goals of ending the extreme poor and hunger in those low-income countries, as well as other primary focuses in both developing and developed world, such as social protection, public health, education, and environmental concerns.

Sunday, June 30, 2019

Promoting Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) programs in Asia-Pacific Region

Yu, Mu-Hsiang
    Promoting participation in Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) programs is the priority issue of Integration 4.0 in APEC 2019. Under the leadership of hosting economy Chile, the main purpose of AEO programs is to actively incorporate Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) into the Asia-Pacific market by reducing trade risks as a result of safe and convenient customs declarations.

The Trade Liberalization of the Asia-Pacific Region Moving Forward by CPTPP and EU-Japan EPA

Wang, Sheng-Ming

    The Comprehensive and Progressive Partnership(CPTPP) and the Japan and EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) came into force separately on December 30,2018 and on February1,2019. These two large free economic trade agreements include the Asia-Pacific area and major economies in Europe. The coverage is very extensive, and the affected economies and populations are huge, so that the trade liberalization in Asia-Pacific and European region is moving forward.

The Public and Private Sectors Cooperate to Respond to Catastrophic Risks in the Asia-Pacific Area

Rida Yu

    The Asia-Pacific area on both sides of the Pacific Ocean often suffers from natural disasters that bring about critical economic losses and affect social stability. Such catastrophes occurred frequently in the Asia-Pacific region throughout 2018, including the wildfires in California and three hurricanes in United States, an earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia, another earthquake in Mexico, and various
typhoons that attacked Taiwan and Japan (please refer to Figure 1), resulting in approximately US$150 billion in global economic losses. The reinsurance company settled about 51% of the claims, while Taiwan has to pay a significant amount of foreign reinsurance this year.

Monday, January 14, 2019

Implications of the US and Japan's Smart Agricultural Experiences


    As global smart agriculture is innovated from automation to intellectualization, advanced countries' experiences with smart agricultural technology can be used by us as references. In observing the experience of developing smart agriculture in both the United States and Japan, Taiwan's smart agriculture development context is much closer to that of Japan, while the expected benefits are generally that the same as those of both the United States and Japan. Therefore, strengthening the aspects of sustainable agriculture, coping with extreme climate in the future, and enhancing the advancement of human resources with smart agriculture, including research, training, and the promotion of smart agriculture are all recommended in order to plant the intelligent and sustainable seeds of agriculture in Taiwan.

The Minister Responsible for Mining's Outlook of the 2018 APEC Meeting

Bo-Chin Chang

    APEC's main goal is to ensure the growth and development of the regional economy by promoting trade and investment liberalization, commercial facilitation, and economic and technological cooperation within the region. The mining industry actually has a significant influence on economic growth and prosperity in the APEC region as the world's largest production and consumption area of mineral resources. Furthermore, the minerals and metals produced and consumed in the region account for approximately 70% of the total global output. The domestic economic growth of several economies rely on the trade and investment of such minerals and metals. Most of all, the mining and trading of mineral products between APEC economies have long rendered significant contributions to the overall economic development of the Asia-Pacific region.